Prof R R Kelkar’s TV Interview on the Monsoon


Prof R R Kelkar was interviewed by Dr Uday Nirgudkar on the subject of the monsoon in the Heart to Heart programme of the Marathi news channel Z 24 Taas on 10 June 2017. Click on the link below to watch it on YouTube


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Climate Justice


Is truth negotiable? No, for if it were, it would no longer be truth. Is science negotiable? Of course not, otherwise it won’t be science. But is justice negotiable? Very much indeed! The very process of arriving at justice is based on negotiation. Justice can be discussed, bargained for, modified or even reversed, depending upon how a case is fought or how mercy is sought.

Climate justice, like any other form of justice, is negotiable. Climate science, unlike other branches of science, is also negotiable. All put together, the issue of climate change has always been a subject of seemingly endless negotiations. The 21st Conference of Parties would continue with these negotiations at Paris in December 2015. The aim is to hammer out an agreement that would be acceptable to all parties.

In the meantime, individual countries including India have already released their plans and ideas about how they hope to achieve this. India’s climate change plan talks about climate justice.

The problem with climate justice is that the laws are non-existent, the evidence is hazy, there are no jurors, and the court consists of the litigants themselves, whose concept of justice is to extract as many pounds of flesh from each other as possible.

The talk of climate justice reminds me of a story about justice that is narrated in the Bible (John Chapter 8). The setting is the Jewish temple in Jerusalem, where Jesus is engaged in teaching people who have gathered to hear him. Suddenly, a group of religious scholars barges in along with a woman and they make her stand before him. They inform Jesus that she is guilty of adultery and under the prevailing law she should be stoned to death. Jesus remains calm and all that he says is, “He that is without sin among you, let him first cast a stone at her.” On hearing this, and being convicted by their own conscience, the people leave one by one. Jesus then asks the woman, “Where are all your accusers? Has no man condemned you?” She says, “No, Lord.” And Jesus says to her, “Neither do I condemn you, go, and sin no more.”

Climate justice lies in a promise by all countries to “sin no more”. But we do not see that happening. Most countries want many more years to continue with their climate sins before they can stop them. Some countries are willing to tone down the degree of their climate sins, like allowing the earth to warm by 2 deg instead of 4 deg over the next century.

Is there justice in nature? Not at all. God’s design of nature is based upon diversity and not on equity. Carbon dioxide is just 400 parts per million of the atmospheric volume, but it is driving the earth mad! Nitrogen is 80 per cent of the atmosphere, but it makes no difference. Yet nitrogen, oxygen, ozone, water vapour, carbon dioxide, all have a place in God’s scheme of things. Why should Cherrapunji receive 1100 cm of rain in a year and Jaisalmer only 20 cm? Is it fair? No, but we cannot introduce equity here. That is nature as God has given us.

For most people on earth, contributing to climate justice means planting a few trees or participating in a marathon on a cheerful holiday morning. For some governments, climate justice lies in making petrol cheaper and then enforcing a no-car day once in three months. This is not climate justice.

God allowed man to use his creation but man is misusing it. The “sin no more” command applies to the human misuse of God’s creation. If we do not heed that command or if we try to dilute it, or overlook it, God’s justice will be delivered in the fullness of time.

The Mystery of the Monsoon

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Dr David Suzuki is a Canadian academician, science broadcaster and environmental activist. Since the 1970s, Suzuki has been known for his TV and radio programmes, documentaries and books about nature and the environment. Most popular among them is the long-running CBC Television series, “The Nature of Things”. One of his recent episodes is about The Mystery of the Monsoon and it can be viewed online at 


Monsoon is India’s main source of fresh water. Despite the torrential deluge, massive flooding and loss of life, there is a palpable sense of elation as the monsoon storm clouds arrive. Part road movie, part spectacle, part human drama, The Mystery of The Monsoon is a cinematic exploration of the force of the monsoon and its unpredictability. With people’s very existence dependent on the monsoon, meteorology occupies a special place in India but even with satellite imagery and powerful computer models, scientists struggle to more accurately predict it.

Filmed across the Indian sub-continent and charting the huge system’s path as it surges toward and gradually engulfs every region of the country, The Mystery of the Monsoon introduces us to a remarkable array of individuals whose lives are in different ways entwined with the phenomenon. There are the meteorologists, who seek to contain the monsoon within an explanatory net of scientific analysis and rational forecast; there are the farmers and fishermen, who depend on and contend with the system’s godlike, life-and-death caprices; there are the citizens of Mumbai, where the monsoon’s arrival is felt from the slums to the stock market to the dreamscapes of the Bollywood film; there are the nature conservationists who are concerned with the monsoon’s impact on the country’s endangered species; and there is the ordinary Indian family, for whom the annual deluge is part of a rhythmic cycle, at moments unfathomably cruel and joyously affirming.

A still from the film showing Prof R R Kelkar explaining the monsoon

A still from the film showing Prof R R Kelkar explaining the monsoon


The Challenge of the Monsoon

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An article in Marathi entitled “Avhan monsoonche” by Prof R R Kelkar was published in the Pune newspaper Agrowon on 20 April 2015. Click on the images to read.

Kelkar Article Monsoon Agrowon 20 April 2015 1Kelkar Article Monsoon Agrowon 20 April 2015 2

Monsoon Ranjan

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Monsoon Ranjan Cover

Prof R R Kelkar was interviewed by the Marathi newspaper, Lokmat, and the interview was published in its “Pratham Purushi” supplement on 4 October 2014. Click on the link below to read the PDF file.


Filmy Weather (26): Sturla Gunnarsson’s Monsoon

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Monsoon TIFF

Watch the trailer of Sturla Gunnarsson’s “Monsoon” at

To find out more about the movie, visit http://www.monsoonmovie.com

The Monsoon is Coming…!


The Monsoon is Coming

It’s one thing to predict the onset of the monsoon. Quite another to actually see it coming!

R R Kelkar, Cherrapunji, June 2013 (Picture courtesy Sturla Gunnarsson)

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